With almost 190 thousand members, the Czech Sokol Organization Česká obec sokolská (ČOS) is the fourth largest civic association in the Czech Republic whose goal is to promote sports, physical activities through voluntary work in Sokol versatility divisions, and cultural activities mainly through voluntary work in folklore and puppet groups.
The ancient idea of kalokagathia, developed by Miroslav Tyrš and his followers, became the basis for a social movement, which is connected with the origin and destiny of the Czech (Czechoslovak) Republic. Four times the Sokol movement was banned or its activities were restricted by wars or totalitarian regimes. It survived abroad, in communities of countrymen on all continents of the world.
In the Czech Republic the organization was restored in 1990. It resumed its traditional programme of teaching people responsibility for themselves, for their community, for their democratic country. The Czech Sokol Organization continuously updates its programme. It supports sport performances in about sixty sports, which are being organized in the organization. Sokol members compete at league to representation levels in gymnastics, handball, judo, and athletics. The organization also provides new sport opportunities, such as acrobatic rock and roll with world champions´ titles.
The most numerous part of the organization is the Sokol Versatility Division, which makes programmes of regular and leisure-time sporting activities for all kinds of people, including those who are handicapped. Sokol districts and units significantly influenced the Terry Fox Run in the Czech Republic, where, like in Canada, many people participated.

Professor Jiří Trnka (24 February 1912, Petrohrad - 30 December 1969, Prague) was a Czech artist, illustrator, sculptor, scriptwriter and film director, and one of the founders of Czech animated film.
From his earliest childhood, Trnka came in close contact with puppets sculpted by his family. He studied at the School of Applied Arts in Prague (today the Academy of Arts, Architecture and Design) in 1929-35. He started his career as a stage designer and maker at J. Skupa´s Theatre of Spejbl and Hurvínek in Plzeň; he later run his own puppet theatre in today´s Theatre Rokoko in Prague. On his first meeting with puppet film he created the figure of Hurvínek for advertising purposes. He has made a place for himself in the theatrical world of Prague during the Second World War as a stage and costume designer. He was one of the founders of the Bratři v triku animated film studio. At the time he was appointed as a professor at the Academy of Arts, Architecture and Design in 1967 he had already been fighting a serious progressive illness, and on 30 December 1969 Trnka died. He is buried at the Central Cemetery in Plzeň.

He preferred and loved using puppets in his films. His best known puppet films include Staré pověsti české (Old Czech Legends) and Dobrý voják Švejk (The Good Soldier Svejk), voiced by Trnka´s friend Jan Werich. The feature film Sen noci svatojánské (A Middsummer Night´s Dream) based on the W. Shakespeare´s play belongs to the best of his lifetime work. Films such as Kybernetická babička (The Cybernetic Grandma) and Ruka zpodobňující totalitu (The Hand That Embodies Totality) also belong to Trnka´s 1960s work. He also wrote and illustrated a book of children stories Zahrada (The Garden).